The vines are being trained to the freestanding vertical
gobelet form. This ancient method of training the vine has been with us since the Romans spread grape culture across their empire. While there are methods of training vines that will produce higher yields and reduce farming costs, there is no method of vine training that will surpass the gobelet for wine quality.
Planting density has been dramatically increased. The older plantings were on 11 foot rows with the vines 8 feet apart. This spacing yielded about 495 vines per acre. The new plantings are on rows from 39 inches to 59 inches apart with the vines a meter apart in the rows. The vine density of the replanted acreage ranges between 2,700
vines and 4,050 vines per acre. The first wines from these new plantings will be made in the 2000 vintage.